5.5 Managing Student Behavior by Monitoring. To me, 5.5 encompasses much more than simply monitoring students. It requires teachers to foundationally engage and build relationships with students in order for monitoring to be meaningful in constant evaluation. Teachers can use their understanding of each student to make inferences about student behavior and if needed, develop a strategy to address issues. Monitoring the class as a whole can also be instrumental in benefiting student behavior. For example, there are one or two students who dominate classroom discussions to the point that it is detrimental to the overall learning environment. Based on the effect it has on other students’ behavior and lack of engagement, it may be necessary to alter instructional strategies in order to increase class participation. Constant monitoring allows teachers to make these observations and apply changes. Though “managing students” is typically associated with addressing adverse situations, I believe it can be aligned with positive reinforcement, which is cited in Figure 1 from my Internship Performance Analysis.
Also in Figure 1, I highlighted the inclusion of self-assessment, which can be used as a useful medium for managing student behavior through monitoring. Teachers can gain valuable information about student behavior based on self-assessment. Also, this self-reflection allows students to take responsibility for their own student behavior and if needed, develop a strategy to address weaknesses. I believe effective monitoring includes times when students do not comprehend they are being monitored. For example, when the teacher is on the opposite side of the room from a small-group discussion, but the teacher observes students participating in a constructive conversations without their known presence. This displays a level of self-motivation, engagement in the content and positive student behavior. In addition, when students observe a teacher consistently monitoring student behavior, assuming it is approached with thoughtfulness and insight, it displays to students a level of investment and consideration from the teacher. Furthermore, evaluating and applying these different monitoring techniques in order to address student behavior is vital due to its significant role in supporting a conducive learning environment. The importance of monitoring and student behavior was outlined by Turner (2011), “An increasing number of studies suggest that to be successful, learning environments need to support the belief that every class member matters and norms are established in the classroom that value learning, high academic standards, and positive behavioral expectations (Bransford et al., 2002)” (p. 127). Based on the importance of student behavior, I will continue to explore different strategies to increase the effectiveness of my monitoring in regards to student behavior management. Several resources are educational texts that focus on effective classroom management and student behavior. Lastly, I plan to use my observations from my future internship classroom as an invaluable resource, accompanied by asking high-quality questions to my experienced colleagues.
Turner, S. (2011). Student-Centered Instruction: Integrating the Learning Sciences to Support Elementary and Middle School Learners. Kent, OH. Taylor & Francis Ltd.